Indy Energy Discusses Upcoming Energy Issues with Examiner Staff

The reporters at The Examiner invited us to discuss energy-related issues during an interview/conversation held at Clinton's Drug Store on the Independence Square.

Here's the conversation in full. We agreed to do this again once the master energy plan is released later in August.

Council Considers Advanced Metering Initiative for a Third Time. What might happen is Unclear.

The Independence City Council will hear presentations Aug. 13th from five qualified vendors for a $30 million project to install separate advanced electric and water meters for over 55,000 utility customers.

The five vendors have submitted their best and final offer and will make formal presentations to the seven-member City Council. 

The City Council will use a scorecard to evaluate each vendor following the presentations. Review copies of the presentations.

Once again the lowest bid was Core & Main, though several vendors significantly reduced their prices from their 2017 proposals. (See below)

 Best and final offers from five qualified vendors

Best and final offers from five qualified vendors

The summary best and final document also includes data on how compliant each vendor is with the city's proposed technical requirements. The results were (highest to lowest): Honeywell (97%), Core & Main (96%), Landis+Gyr (90%), Graybar (85%) and Itron (77%).

Some City Council members wanted to meet the vendors in person rather than rely on an extensive formal evaluation completed last August by city electric and water utility staff.

Formal council action would be required at a later meeting so the issue will not be decided Monday (Aug. 13th)

Procurement Process

The City Council process is unclear and a little unconventional.

The City Council adopted revised and updated procurement policies and procedures last July. That policy outlines a detailed formal process for evaluating Request for Proposals (RFP) which cost $50,000 or more. (pages 6-7).

The process includes a formal staff evaluation committee in which proposals are individually scored, then tabulated and then collectively reviewed by evaluation committee members. NOTE: This actually is the procedure done in 2017 which resulted in a 30-plus page formal evaluation report which recommended Core & Main.

The role of the City Council, in its own procurement policy, is to approve or reject the evaluation committee recommendation and does not contemplate the City Council members being directly involved in evaluating and scoring vendors proposals.

The procurement procedure is a well-defined process that also requires all evaluation committee members to sign confidentiality statements and non-conflict of interests to participate.

The city's purchase department also subscribes to a Code of Ethics from The Institute for Public Procurement. Two code provisions state:

  • Believes that personal aggrandizement or personal profit obtained through misuse of public or personal relationships is dishonest and not tolerable
  • Identifies and eliminates participation of any individual in operational situations where a conflict of interest may be involved

There is considerable interest in the project which would be the largest single city capital investment since the construction of the Event Center.

Difficult Decision

This has been a protracted three-year process and a difficult decision for the City Council to make. See AMI timeline

In October 2017, the City Council voted to table the project to April 2018 to get answers to questions about health and safety. In April, the City Council voted 4-3 not to proceed.

Council member Curt Dougherty, who has championed the project, subsequently encouraged the City Council to hear directly from the vendors.

Some community members have spoken against the advanced metering initiative and requested the option to opt-out if the new meters are installed.

The Missouri Public Service Commission, which regulated investor-owned utilities, is currently considering rules and regulations on personal data that might be collected through electronically connected meters. No formal policy exists.

IPL is a municipal utility and is not subject to any regulatory rule the Public Service Commission might be adopted but can be informed the effort to adopt its own policy.

Earlier projections were the city would recoup the total project costs in eight years.

Some saving would be reducing the number of city meter readers. In general, the number of meter readers would be reduced from the current 19 employees to three when the project is fully implemented.

Of the 16 employees, some are nearing retirement, some of been recently hired to temporary positions and other would be given opportunities to be reassigned to other jobs.

Project History

The project began in June 2015 when the City Council adopted a resolution asking the city manager to "evaluate the benefits and costs of an automatic meter reading system."

Subsequently, the city engaged West Monroe Partners to provide technical assistance on the project. The firm has received $446,000 in consulting fees to do a feasibility study and develop a project blueprint.

Most utility companies are moving to advanced metering systems.

As of December 2015, there are 64.7 million advanced meters operational in the United States - 42.9% of all the total 150.8 million meters, according to a December 2017 federal energy report. In 2007, there were only 6.7 million advanced meters or 4.7% of all meters.

In our utility region - the Southwest Power Pool - the percent was 48.7% of all installed meters.

Most area utilities including Kansas City Power and Light and Board of Public Utilities (Kansas City, KS) have already installed automatic meters.

IndyEnergy supported the project in an opinion piece in The Examiner last October.

IPL wants to expand community solar

UPDATE: The community solar RFP was retracted on June 25.

Independence Power and Light (IPL) is considering adding another three community solar farms in an aggressive expansion to increase renewable energy through solar.

The plans are outlined in a Request for Proposal (RFP) which the city issued in May with a potential City Council decision in mid-July.

The RFP follows a resolution adopted by the City Council in April "to advertise a request for proposals for projects supporting energy efficiency and the development of renewable energy sources."

The RPF outlines plans for two community solar farms within the city limits and participation in a third "off-system" community solar farm.

 coal ash ponds at Blue valley power plan on Truman road. Proposed location for new community solar farm

coal ash ponds at Blue valley power plan on Truman road. Proposed location for new community solar farm

The RFP asks bidders to construct an 8 megwatt community farm on top of the closed coal ash ponds located at the IPL Blue Valley power plant on Truman Road and another 3 to 10 megawatt community solar farm elsewhere within the city. No size for the "off-system" solar farm is specified.

With the three additional projects, IPL would potential buy solar power from more community solar farms than any other Missouri utility with a combined solar generating capacity of more than 20 megawatts.

IPL has 56,000 customers. Ameren, the state's largest electric utility, serving over 1.2 million Missouri electric customers and has a 5.7 megawatt solar farm in O'Fallon, Mo. 

The push for additional community solar farms occurs before the city has received a long-awaited master energy plan which will outline various alternatives to generate energy over the next 20 to 25 years. The study is being done by Kansas City-based Burns and McDonnell - a major engineering company with an international energy practice.

Burns and McDonnell will assist in evaluating the community solar bids which are due June 22.

Several utility companies - Kansas City Power, Ameren and Light and City Utilities of Springfield (MO) have made major commitments to wind power.

Springfield, a municipal utility, in March agreed to a major wind purchase adding 100 megawatts from a Salina, KS wind project. KCPL announced a major purchase of Kansas wind power in February and the recent completion of a 300 megawatt Rock Creek Wind Farm in Atchison County, MO. Ameren this spring announced plans to build wind turbines in northeast Missouri.

The advocacy group RenewMissouri summarize the potential of wind power in a report Opportunity Blowing By: Ameren Missouri Should Take Advantage of Low-Cost Wind.

The well-regarded Lazard Levelized Cost of Energy Study shows that in 2017 wind was less expensive than community solar though the costs of both wind and utility-scale solar have been declining.

IPL currently has committed to two community solar farms - both constructed by the Lee's Summit-based MC Power. The first community solar farm is located on Bundschu Road opposite Indian Trails Elementary School.

The second community solar, nearing completion, is located on the former Rockwood golf course.

The city acquired the 94.6-acre former golf course for $985,000. The city's cost will be offset by a $500,000 30-year upfront lease payment by MC Power which will install solar panels on the southern portion of the property to generate an additional 4.5 megawatts of solar power.

The Independence City Council, earlier this year, adopted a resolution to become the Greenest City in America."

Currently IPL's base power is provided through longterm purchase power agreements with two coal-fired plants - 57 megawatts from Nebraska City and 52 megawatts from Iatan. Those contracts expired in 2049 and 2050 respectively.

IPL Master Energy Study - What's Involved?

The City Council will receive a long-waited new Master Energy Study which will provide recommendations on the best, most economical way to provide and secure electrical power over the next 20 years.

Acting IPL Director, Andy Boatright provided the City Council an update at its Jan. 8 study session.


The big question is: What is the future of the Blue Valley Power plant on Truman Road?

The city-owned power plant has three steam-generating units which currently use natural gas. The generators date back to 1958 and 1965.

The Blue Valley power plant generated only 1.73% of all IPL energy in 2016. (See Table 2 from Request for Proposal for the master energy study).

Last February, city staff presented a five-year capital improvement plan, surveying all city needs, including those involving IPL. The document called for planned expenditures of $135 million to refurbish the Blue Valley plant and another $135 million for six combustion generators. (Exhibit 4: City Manager's Report on Deferred Maintenance, Feb. 9, 2017)


A recent management performance report on IPL commented:

"Stagnant economic development results in no growth in transmission or distribution assets and diminished workload for the labor force that maintains those assets. The challenge will be to right size the labor force in the short term to match service demand and to shape the profile of the workforce in the longer term to match the power availability/reliability strategy selected for the future."

That audit's executive summary concludes that the city utility is "at a crossroads" because its current 193 megawatts (MW) of generating capacity is within "five years of end of life."

The Master Energy Study, scheduled for completion by May, is being conducted by Burns and McDonnell at a cost of $325,000.

What is a stake?: If major capital investments are made in Blue Valley power plant, we can expect those major capital expenditures to result in higher electrical rates.  Overall, the future direction of our city-owned utility is at stake; which impacts both customer rates and city employee jobs.

Indy Energy comments on 2016-17 City Budget

Jason White discussed several energy-related issues during the May 17 public hearing on the proposed 2016-17 budgets.

Topics covered included high rates, energy efficiency, public participation in rate setting and recent developments to diverse energy production including the curtailment of coal at two city-owned power plants.

Listen to the comments. (Comments start 6:30 minutes)

City Council postpones indefinitely IPL Rate Changes

The Independence City Council voted unanimously to indefinitely postpone changes in IPL rates at its Sept. 21 meeting.

The council action occurred following a public hearing at which several individuals shared opposition to changing a $4.14 minimum monthly bill to a $14.50 monthly customer charge.

The council has taken several months to review and better understand recommendations included a May 2015 rate study done by its long-time IPL rate consultant.

Indy Energy provided the council with several policy recommendations for consideration during the public hearing.

Other presenting included representatives from the AARP, the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Eastern Jackson County Justice Coalition.

There was broad agreement on opposing increasing the fixed customer charges as creating financial burdens on low-income, fixed income and low-energy users and discouraging energy conservation.

Others spoke in favor of developing energy efficiency programs, increasing utility assistance and support for providing community solar power.

IPL presents 2015-16 budget

Independence Power & Light has presented its 2015-16 proposed budget to the Independence City Council.

IPL Director Leon Daggett discussed major plans and initiatives for the year which include implementing a new utility billing system, developing plans for a new administrative office, developing a community solar farm and planning for decommissioning the Missouri City city-owned power plant.

The budget presentation showed that IPL rates are generally higher than those for the investor-owned Kansas City Power & Light (KCPL) and the municipally-owned Board of Public Utilities (Kansas City, KS). 

Both KCPL and BPU may be increasing their overall rates. Daggett said IPL would not be seeking a rate increase.

IPL plans major wind power Purchase

Independence Power & Light (IPL) has a 20-year agreement to purchase Kansas wind power which would increase the utility's use of wind energy to approximately 13% of its total energy production.

This is a major development for the city utility and a growing commitment to generating power through renewable sources.

Economic analysis projects IPL would save $2.8 million over the 20-year agreement based on a 20-year contract with a fixed price of $33.80 per MWh. 

The agreement was unanimously approved May 4 by the Independence City Council. The Public Utilities Advisory Board recommended approval.

The wind power would be purchased from Marshall Wind Energy LLC which is owned by RPM Access

The wind turbines are located in Marshall County in central Kansas. 

This is a very favorable rate - due in part to a federal Production Tax Creditworth roughly $23 per MWH for the wind project. The federal tax credit is set to expire in 2016.

The municipally-owned Columbia Water and Light reported it was paying between $55.74 and $67.81 per MWh for wind energy it was purchasing in its recent annual report on renewable energy.

Columbia generates 7.22% of its total power from renewable sources. Independence Power & Light - with the wind purchase - will be significantly higher.

The city has another wind power agreement with Smoky Hills II which provides about 5% of the city's current energy production. The second wind purchase agreement would add another 8% energy for wind totaling 13% combined.

Other utilities purchasing power from Marshall Wind Energy include the Kansas Power Pool (25 megawatt share) and the Missouri Joint Electric Municipal Utility Commission (20 megawatt share).

IPL also is currently reviewing several proposals for solar power produced on city-owned property.

Independence will be "greenest utility" in region

Independence Power & Light director Leon Daggett shared progress by the city-owned utility using more renewable energy in a wide-ranging interview on community radio station KKFI.

Listen to the entire interview segment, which aired on the Ecoradio KC show, in the clip below.

Daggett predicted Independence - if it completes the planned wind and solar projects - will be "greenest utility in the region and Independence will be the greenest city in the region."

IPL is also constructing new administrative building which will meet LEED gold certification.

Daggett also discusses IPL responses to a City Council resolution concerning renewable energy and plans for the city-owned Missouri City and Blue Valley power plants to stop burning coal in 2016.

Read transcript of the interview

Independence considering large solar farm

Independence is considering construction a major solar farm on city-owned property in northeast Independence.

The news was reported by The Examiner in a front page article which received significant media coverage.

In July, the City Council adopted several goals, including IPL getting at least 10 percent of its power from renewable sources by 2018, and 15 percent by 2021.

The Independence Power & Light received strong interest in a bids to construct the solar farm and extended the bidding period from Dec. 10 to Dec. 23.

The project would be a  10-megawatt solar farm if constructed.

The proposed site would be a 30-acre tract located at Bly and Bundschu roads next to the Little Blue River.

City issues Preliminary report on Renewables

The Independence City Manager Robert Heacock provided a preliminary report on a city council resolution concerning renewable energy by posting them on the city's website and discussing them at the Dec. 1 City Council meeting.

The resolution called for a report by Nov. 30th on three topics:

  • Design of the remodeled office building for Independence Power & Light to incorporate energy efficiency measures and renewable energy generation;
  • Study the feasibility of renewable energy at city-owned facilities;
  • Study potential incentives and programs which could be offered to IPL customers for the use of renewable energy.

Detailed studies were posted by the City Manager on the city's website. Copies of the three reports are also available here.


The Burns & McDonnell study identifies 11 city-owned buildings which might be potential candidates for solar energy (rooftop, ground or car ports).

The two best solar options are the city-owned Water Pollution Rock Creek plant which is a major energy user where solar might a viable option with at 14.6 year payback if the city installed the solar panel - a perhaps quicker if solar power was provided by a third party.

The second solar option is the new IPL Administrative offices at the former Medical Center of Independence site which the city purchase. IPL is seeking Gold LEED certification and potential Platinum for the new administrative office.

The study concludes that wind and geothermal and solar are currently not a viable option for city-owned buildings because of capital costs and the limited energy produced.

A separate review of city-owned building was done by Brightergy and developed a list of 12 city-owned building for potential solar installation. This analysis said the Independence Event Center and the new IPL administrative offices might also be potential candidates for solar installations.

Energy Efficiencies

The 100-page Burns and McDonnell study includes a section on potential energy efficiencies based on reviewing programs 10 different utilities.

Four are in the region (Columbia, Springfield, Kansas City, Mo and Kansas City, Ks), three in Texas, two in California and Excel Energy which provides power in  Colorado, Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin.

The study recommends five potential approaches which might be of interest to the city:

  • Utility Purchased Efficiency Program: LED Buy-Down Program where a utility buys equipment (i.e., LED light bulbs) in bulk at a reduced price and directly sells the equipment to customers.
  • Community Solar Program: The utility has a purchase power agreement with a developer who installs, owns and operates a large scale solar farm. Customers have the option to purchase a portion of their energy needs from the solar facility by paying a 20-year fixed price on the energy.
  • Home Energy Loan Program: Improving IPL's current Home Energy Loan Program ("HELP") that provides up to $15,000 loans to residential customers who undertake energy efficiency measures on their home.
  • Increase program marketing efforts: Increase awareness of existing IPL programs as well as any new programs to increase participation.
  • Rate Structure: Review the current IPL rate structure to eliminate or reduce any rate subsidization issues.

IPL has issued a Request for Proposal for a large-scale solar farm on IPL-owned property and wind energy.

Responses for the solar proposal are due Dec. 10th.

Three wind proposals have been received.

The City Council received an updated report at its Jan. 26th study session.

Citizens discuss renewable energy options with City Council

Three citizens encouraged the City Council to consider renewable energy options during its Oct. 20th meeting. 

Addressing the City Council were Winston Apple, David Fyre and Peggy Young.

At the same meeting, the City Council approved a rate reduction for schools, approved changes in the cold/hot weather rule and approved an engineering contract for a new administrative office.

Also approved was a resolution to post the meeting agendas and minutes for several city appointed bodies including the Public Utilities Advisory Board.

City Council considers options for closing Missouri City power plant and IPL fund balances

The Independence City Council held an extended study session to learn about options for closing the city-owned Missouri City power plant and fund balances for the Independence Power & Light.

This was an extensive discussion involving presentations by IPL director Leon Daggett. Read The Examiner story.

City council supports renewable energy goals

The Independence City Council unanimously supported a resolution that contain an aggressive renewable energy agenda, calls for a rate study and curtail ceasing burning coal at the city-owned Missouri City and Blue Valley power plants in 2016.

The Missouri City plant would stop production; Blue Valley would be converted over to natural gas. Both plants are among the oldest in the region and mostly used on a seasonal basis to meet peak demand during the summer.

The resolution, sponsored by City Councilmember Scott Roberson, follows extensive discussion on energy issues in the community and is largely consistent with a 2011 master plan for Independence Power & Light.

Here's a summary of the resolution. Read The Examiner story about the City Council action.

The resolution received editorial support from the Kansas City Star op-ed writer Yael Abouhalkah, who wrote:

"The Independence City Council today (July 21) should move full speed ahead to promote the use of renewable energy in the city and reduce reliance on coal-fired power plants to produce electricity for its residents.

Elected officials have a welcome opportunity to show leadership on these issues because the city owns and operates Independence Power & Light.

Contrary to popular rumors, electricity rates will not soar if the city chooses this path. And eventually ending coal-fired production at old plants will reduce pollution in this region, a benefit for many."

The resolution and its adoption represents a significant policy direction for IP&L which is one of the largest municipal power operations in the U.S.

The Missouri Beyond Coal Campaign issued this media release following passage of the city council resolution.